'No GM potatoes yet!'
2.Hot potato - South Africa's GM potato
EXTRACT: [POTATOES SOUTH AFRICA] PSA fears consumer resistance and a possible negative impact on exports that might result from a GM cultivar in SA [South Africa].
NOTE: This looks like a body blow to the attempt to commercialise GM potatoes in South Africa. And perhaps not surprisingly given the complete failure of GM potato commercialisation elsewhere - it even had to be abandoned in the USA after big food companies rejected Monsanto's Bt potatoes.
It also seems extraordinary that the researcher pushing this GM potato, Gurling Bothma, claims this as a South African project.
As a report from the African Centre for Biosafety notes, this GM (Bt) potato has a long history, beginning not in South Africa but in Michigan (USA) with the Michigan State University (MSU) and it went to Egypt long before, "South Africa subsequently received the project as a 'hand-me-down'".
In fact, it was only with the failure of MSU GM potato projects in Egypt and Indonesia that "the MSU turned all its attention to South Africa as the last avenue for commercializing the Bt potato."
Michigan State University's involvement was part of the USAID-funded project - the Agricultural Biotechnology Support Program (ABSP). ABSP's private sector partners have included Asgrow, Monsanto, Pioneer Hi-Bred and DNA Plant Technology (DNAP).
1.'No GM potatoes yet!' PSA protests
Farmer's Weekly (South Africa), 25 July 2008
POTATOES SOUTH AFRICA (PSA) has indicated it will appeal against the application by the Agricultural Research Council (ARC) in which the council asks for permission to release a GMO potato, SpuntaG2, onto the market on a commercial scale. PSA fears consumer resistance and a possible negative impact on exports that might result from a GM cultivar in SA [South Africa].
PSA requested that before the general release of a GM cultivar is approved mandatory labelling of GM potatoes be implemented so that consumers can choose to purchase GM or non-GM potatoes. PSA has also demanded the development of a testing system for the reliable tracing of GM potatoes, to make identification possible.
"We would like to see wide public participation and input, taking into account the opinion of the retail, processing and the fast food industries," said Dr Ben
Pieters manager for research and developmenatt PSA.
"The timing of this application is unfortunate, as this is the year of the potato, where we focus on improving the potato's image to consumers."
The GMO SpuntaG2 has better resistance to tuber moth, said Gurling Bothma, a researcher at the ARC.
"We are surprised by PSA's reaction as we have had several discussions with them on this issue," Bothma said.
Field trials have been conducted for the past six years funded by USAid.
"Normally GMO patents falling to the hands of multinational agricultural companies but the SpuntaG2 is firmly in our hands including all safety management aspects," said Bothma. "This is a unique opportunity for SA. It's also the first time that a GMO product has been developed in SA from the initial concept right through to the stage of commercial release."
2.Hot potato - South Africa's GM potato - a critical analysis
African Centre for Biosafety, March 6 2008
GM potatoes rejected in Year of Potato
GM potatoes face import bans and rejection
The United Nations General Assembly has declared 2008 to be the 'International Year of the Potato' in celebration of the potato - one of the world's best loved foods. Yet, South Africa seems hell bent on messing with the humble potato.
Unbeknown to the public, the South African government has allowed the Agricultural Research Council (ARC), supported by USAID and Michigan State University, to experiment with GM potatoes. What’s worse is these experiments have occurred in the open environment for the past seven years where genes could escape. Trials are aiming at commercialisation by 2009.
The GM potato contains an untested transgene, called Bt Cry1la1, which produces a poison to kill tuber moths. The tuber moth is one of many insects that cause damage to potatoes. This begs the question of whether 'innocent' insects might be killed too. Gene giant, Syngenta, owns the patent on the Bt gene in the GM potato.
The GM potato is being touted as a wonder product for small-scale and emergent black farmers. However, this 'wonder product' has no superior nutritional benefits and may even be harmful to health.
The African Centre for Biosafety has objected strongly to the field trials. The ongoing squandering of public resources on this project has prompted ACB to release a book entitled 'Hot potato. South Africa's GM potato a critical analysis'. [see below]
"The ACB's research reveals multiple dangers for South Africa especially import bans from SA's main potato trading partners, such as Zambia and Angola, both of whom have restricted GM products in the past. Major players such as McCains, which dominate the processing and frozen potato industry have already indicted an unwillingness to use GM potatoes," says Vanessa Black, author of the booklet.
"Indeed, 93% of South Africa's potato exports amounting to 14 million kilograms are exported from SA to various countries in SADC. None of these countries have biosafety laws in place and are therefore unlikely to accept GM potatoes," says Black.
The research also found that the GM potato will contribute few benefits to emerging farmers who frankly cannot afford expensive, patented crops. At best, this GM potato may provide a temporary 'cure' for the tuber moth problem, which in any event, typically accounts for less than 2% of the input costs of growing potatoes.
"The commercialisation of the Bt potato in South Africa will not benefit Africans," comments Mariam Mayet, director of the African Centre for Biosafety. "Rather, the benefits will accrue to US researchers who developed the product and Syngenta, the owner of the key GM gene."
"Syngenta has quietly been working at cornering the GM food potato market; lodging patents in the USA and other countries for a form of terminator technology that prevents potatoes from sprouting unless they are treated with chemicals supplied by the patent owner."
Today potatoes are South Africa's most loved vegetable providing essential nutrition, especially in poor households. Although South Africans on average eat 29 kilograms of potatoes a year, they have not been consulted on the prospect of yet another staple food being genetically engineered.
"The International Year of the Potato in 2008 is an opportune moment for South Africa to reject and put a stop to the Bt potato project" urges Mayet.
For further information, contact the AFRICAN CENTRE FOR BIOSAFETY through Vanessa Black on 082 472 8844 and Mariam Mayet at 083 269 4309 or at Suite 3, 12 Clamart Street, Richmond, 2192 South Africa, or http://www.biosafetyafrica.net
Issued on behalf of the African Centre for Biosafety by Michelle Nel on 011 615 4432 or 083 208 7902
Visit www.biosafetyafrica.net for the executive summary and pdf version of the book.
The full report can also be downloaded from this link