The GM soy-based agro-export model as currently configured in Argentina is socially and ecologically unsustainable, according to a peer-reviewed study.
This very readable paper takes in the depopulation of the Argentine countryside as a result of the GM soya-ization of the country, the violent landgrabs for GM soy expansion, the dramatically decreased food security as food crops decline, the devastating effects on public health of herbicide spraying on the GM soy, the massive energy consumption of the GM soy model, and the destruction of ecosystems for soy monocultures.
Unfortunately the paper is currently not open access but it can be downloaded at this website if you are prepared to answer a lot of questions first: http://academia.edu/
Modifying Argentina: GM soy and socio-environmental change
Geoforum 2013 (article in press)
The Graduate Center, City University of New York, 365 Fifth Avenue, Room 6112.04, New York, NY 10016, United States
*This paper examines Argentina’s agro-export strategy for socio-economic development.
*Strategy is based on the adoption and expansion of genetically modified soy.
*GM soy-based agro-export model has been a “success” in terms of economic growth.
*There is a conflict between “success” and socio-ecological sustainability.
*It is a socially and ecologically unsustainable model of national development.
This paper examines Argentina’s agro-export strategy for socioeconomic development based on the adoption and expansion of genetically modified (GM) soy. The modelo sojero a model based on large scale mechanized production of GM soy, is widely praised at home and abroad and used as an example of “success” for other poor countries on the brink of adopting GM biotechnologies for socio-economic development. In this work I interrogate and contextualize this dominant representation of the success associated with Argentina’s soy boom. Indeed, in terms of economic growth Argentina’s transition to GM soy has been a success. However the GM-induced soybean boom is illusory when other factors are taken into consideration, most importantly its impact on socio-environmental dynamics. Thus, I argue that there is a fundamental conflict between the narrative of “success” of the Argentinean GM soy boom and socio-ecological sustainability. After an introduction, section two looks at the historical context of GM soy adoption in Argentina and shows the trend of expansion of production since the adoption of the new GM biotechnology. Section three explores the socio-environmental impact of the GM soy-based agrarian transformation in Argentina. Section four looks at the current context of the Argentinean soybean boom. Thus, it focuses on Argentina’s current domestic political economy, particularly the Kirchners’ National-Popular model. I argue that the GM soy-based agro-export model as currently configured in Argentina is a socially and ecologically unsustainable model of national development.